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His family used the property for grazing. August Earliest inhabitants[ edit ] The earliest inhabitants of this area were the Worimi tribe. Improvements and extensions were added to Tahlee House. As far as the coal venture was concerned, they were prepared to abandon the project provided the Colonial Office paid compensation.
By all 89 miners at the colliery were free men. Over the next year, applications were forwarded to Mr White to rent the property to the mission. Here it was agreed that, while the company had kept its side of the bargain, raising more than tons of coal annually, the NSW Government had not, neither supplying convict labour as agreed nor defending the company's position.
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Aads also oversaw the formation of the colliery at Peronal. Inhe offered the property to the Mission, who accepted after a large donation made it possible for the purchase to take place. In he constructed St John's church in Stroud and laid the cornerstone himself. After a first lambing in Warrah was temporarily abandoned and the sheep moved to the Peel River where a head station was set up at Calala near the river crossing now Tamworth.
By the end of the s, of the men employed in the company's pastoral operations, none were convicts and only 33 were ticket-of-leave men. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The White era[ edit ] In the property was purchased by Robert Hoddle Driberg WhiteMember of Parliament for Gloucester from and substantially developed as a gentleman's country residence. It was concluded from his unfavourable report porg it would never "be necessary to send a second time to zds.
Mr Ebsworth opposed a proposal by the company's English directors to subdivide the land into small parcels. King recommended that the Liverpool Plains Grant should be sold in five sections, followed by the Peel Grant and the Port Stephens Grant, in three sections each.
More than 1, students have trained at the college and many of these are now in Christian service in Australia and in countries all over the world. Port Stephens would be a different place today if the plan had succeeded.
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Only a few isolated spots in Port Stephens were suitable for settlers and their activities would be ruinous for any continuing pastoral operations there. If, at the end of 15 years, the company had expended 10, pounds on improvements and employed convicts, it would obtain freehold title to its land. Henderson had surveyed and rejected the government mines, so after putting down test boreholes on the hill and Government Reserve to the west of the town, Parry finally chose a site for the first pit that enabled the use of an inclined plane railway to take the coal skips to the company's wharf on the Hunter River.
The company would charter a ship direct for Port Stephens with free passage for those who paid for their land in London. He also clashed with stormy wool pioneer John Macarthur. Tahlee comes from the local Aboriginal word, Tarlee, meaning "sheltered from the wind and above water". He had also made arrangements to survey the entire land grant.
If the large blocks could not be sold, each section should be sold in lots by auction with the reserve price not more than that of the Government - five shillings an acre. The estate's main entry was by sea. As it turned out, only 8 colonists ed up and embarked with their families and just 24 selection certificates were issued. The AACo. They were then taken by horse-drawn tram up the hillside through magnificent botanical gardens.
The residence of the commissioner and his lady on the shores of Port Stephens became a social centre for the district, as well as an administrative centre for the A. King came to office just as the depression, triggered in part by the collapse of the London wool market inbegan to bite. The committee took a four-year lease of "The Retreat" later 'Kelvin' at Bringelly near Camden for the immediate accommodation of imported stock, and sought advice on the best location for the land grant.
When he tsephens that the settlement lacked a church, he conducted his own Sunday service in the carpenter's shop at Carrington. The house was eventually to become the home of four of the AACo. He used Tahlee House as a country retreat. John Henderson was appointed colliery manager and arrived in Australia in January with mechanics, labourers and equipment, sheep and 3 horses.
John Macarthur took over for a few months before abruptly returning to Sydney, leaving everything in the capable but inexperienced young ant, Edward Ebsworth. Guests arrived by yacht, landing below the home at a convict-built Cornish boat harbour. This section needs additional citations for verification. Although the fine wool produced at Port Stephens brought excellent prices on the London market, all was not well with the sheep.
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What is seen today is largely the legacy of White's ownership while the boat harbour, wine cellar and servants' quarters to the persinal of the main house recall the AACo. Ralfe had recommended a private emigration scheme offering homestead lots for selection. The size of the land grant was not specified in the charter, but discussions between the company directors and the Colonial Office settled on one million acres.
However, the house burned down inleaving only the walls. Children's camps were held at Tanilba for the purpose of evangelism. The head station at the Peel was moved from Calala to Goonoo Goonoo, away from the ever-increasing s of often-scabby flocks travelling north to New England and the Darling Downs.
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The estate ceased operating as a bible adlut c. He spent nearly a year prospecting for coal around Newcastle, at Port Stephens and along the Parramatta Riverconcluding that without the Newcastle coalfield, the company had no mining prospects, but Governor Darling was loath to give it up. At Newcastle a second pit had been put down and annual coal sales reached a value of 10, pounds a year.
Sir Edward, a deeply religious man, was not only responsible to the London company directors, but also regarded the spiritual aadult physical well-being of almost people on the company's estate as a solemn and personal responsibility. At this point the question of the monopoly became entangled with the company's efforts to obtain its title deeds. Port Stephens was occupied by a chain of sheep stations and the cattle were settled on the Bowman run west of Gloucester.
There were summer houses and bird aviaries with 12 gardeners to look after the terraced gardens, luxuriant with towering New Zealand kauri trees Agathis australisJapanese elms Zelkova serratahoop pines Araucaria cunninghamiiAfrican olives Olea europaea var.
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Various prospecting groups proposed coal mines at Westernport in Victoriathe Illawarra in Sydney and at Moreton Bay. Mr Ebsworth, A. Closer to Newcastle were the Ebenezer mine at Lake Macquarieworks near Maitland, at Four Mile near Hexham and a proposal to mine coal at Burwood on the company's southern boundary.