Philosophical discourses[ edit ] Some Greek philosophers wrote on the subject budfy homosexuality in the military. In Plato 's Symposiumthe interlocutor Phaedrus commented on the power of male sexual relationships to improve bravery in the military:  He preaches no avoidance of the contest with appetite, but rather the achievement of a definite victory over the lower elements of love-passion, and the pursuit of beauty on higher and higher levels until, as in a sudden flash, its ultimate and rewarding essence is revealed. The Budddy
It was said he was inspired with love during the battle.
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Xenophon asserted that in some city-states the lovers would not even have conversations with one another. Cleomachus answered their request and brought his lover along with him. He also gave a harsh criticism of the Spartan views of the band: buvdy Perish miserably they who think that these men did or suffered aught disgraceful. The Spartans He preaches no avoidance of the contest with appetite, but rather the achievement of a definite victory over grece lower elements of love-passion, and the pursuit of beauty on higher and higher levels until, as in a sudden flash, its ultimate and rewarding essence is revealed.
In Plato 's Symposiumthe interlocutor Phaedrus commented on the power of male sexual relationships to improve bravery in the military:  The Theban military commander Pammeneshowever, is supposed to have advocated military organization based on pairs of lovers:  Homer 's Nestor was not well skilled in ordering an army when he advised the Greeks to rank tribe and tribe They attributed this group called the Sacred Band of Thebes for making Thebes the most powerful city-state for a generation until its fall to Philip II of Macedon.
For greexe of the same tribe little value one another when dangers press; but a band cemented by friendship grounded upon love is never to be broken. He had two male lovers: Asopichus and Caphisodorusthe latter died with him at Mantineia in battle.
Another pair of warrior-lovers— Harmodius and Aristogeiton —credited with the downfall of tyranny in Athens and the rise of democracy became the emblem of the city. Philosophical discourses[ edit ] Some Greek philosophers wrote on the subject of homosexuality in the military.
Nonetheless city states that employed the practice in determining military formation enjoyed some success. One such example took place during the Lelantine War between the Eretrians and the Chalcidians. He charged against the Eretians and brought the Chalcidians to victory at the cost of his own life.
In a decisive battle the Chalcidians called for the aid of a warrior named Cleomachus. They were buried together, something usually reserved for a husband and wife in Greek society.
According to Xenophonthe Spartans abhorred the thought of using the relationships as the basis of unit formation for placing too much ificance on sexuality rather than talent. Afterwards the Chalcidianserected a tomb for guck in their marketplace and reversed their negative view of homosexuality and began to honor it. He said this type of behavior was horrible because it was entirely based on physical attractions:  If as was evident it was not an attachment to the soul, but a yearning solely towards the body, Lycurgus stamped this thing as foul.
The Thebans had one such regiment as the core of their entire army. One of the prominent Greek military figures enjoying such a relationship was Epaminondasconsidered the greatest warrior-statesmen of ancient Thebes by many, including the Roman historian Diodorus Siculus. This was due to their founder Lycurgus who attacked lusts on physical beauty regarding it as shameful.
Philip II of Macedon was so impressed with their bravery during the battle he erected a monument that still stands today on their gravesite.